Employee’s personal data is the information on a specific employee required by the employer as far as employment relations are concerned. Such data includes, for example: recommendations, references, questionnaire, salary total, etc.
The personal data related to an employee’s personal life can be nominally broken up in three categories.
- Data required by the employer and obtained from the employee or upon the employee’s consent in accordance with the law such as disability and professional illnesses, financial and marital status, etc. A typical example is the employer’s right to request data on the employee’s health that is relevant to employee`s work;
- Data presented by the employee of the employee’s own accord, if it is required for obtaining benefits, guarantees and compensations. It refers to, for example, single mothers, pregnant women, adoptive parents, guardians, etc.
- Data that cannot generally be requested by the employer, such as political, religious and other beliefs, NGO membership, trade union activity, private life.